Project Categories

Race Consciousness in Biomedicine, Law, and Social Policy

Award Year: 2007 Investigator: Dorothy Roberts
The validity of race-based medicine remains highly controversial. Some scientists, policymakers, and activists criticize it as flawed given scientific evidence that there is far more genetic variation within racial groupings than between them. Others welcome it for its potential to address health disparities, past discrimination in the provision of medical care, and lack of minority representation in biomedical research.

The Law and Ethics of Consumer-Directed Health Care

Award Year: 2004 Investigator: Carl Schneider, Mark Hall
New developments in health insurance, designed in part to contain costs, require patients to take greater responsibility for making medical spending decisions.

The Impact of Gene Patents on the Delivery of Health Care Services

Award Year: 2002 Investigator: Lori Andrews
Lori B. Andrews, J.D. has studied a wide range of bioethical issues, such as newborn screening, infertility treatment, cloning, stem cell research, and patent policy. For her Investigator Award project, The Impact of Gene Patents on the Delivery of Health Care Services, Professor Andrews examines how gene patents affect genetic research and the availability, cost, and quality of genetic tests and treatments.

Civil Rights and the American Health Care System: Conceptualizing a Law and Policy Framework in the New Health Environment for Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act

Award Year: 2000 Investigator: Sara Rosenbaum, Joel Teitelbaum
Despite the high level of attention on health care discrimination during the debate over the Civil Rights Act of 1964, health care as a civil right has received relatively little attention since enactment. By examining the potential for using civil rights law to address disparities in access to care and health outcomes, the investigators will create a new framework for applying Title VI of the Act to today's health care system.

Competing on Quality of Care: Comparing Antitrust Law to Market Reality

Award Year: 1998 Investigator: Peter Hammer, William Sage
Although quality has been extensively analyzed in health services research, its role in competition policy has not been elucidated. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the potential for competition policy to protect and improve health care quality, and to determine how best to structure oversight of a competitive marketplace, encouraging appropriate tradeoffs between price and quality. Drs.

The Role of the Courts in Shaping Health Policy

Award Year: 1995 Investigator: Peter Jacobson
Dr. Jacobson looks at the role judicial decision-making plays in shaping health policy and how courts can best resolve policy and value conflicts emerging in the shift to managed care. Judicial doctrine dealing with medical necessity, utilization management, anti-trust issues, and ERISA are analyzed.