How Cultures of Medication are Made: Production of Race, Ethnicity and Class in Pharmaceutical MarketingAward Year: 2013 Investigator: Helena Hansen
Pharmaceuticals constitute the most profitable industry in the U.S., and account for almost half the global market. A fourth of industry earnings are spent on promotions. With this level of investment in marketing, pharmaceutical industries are potentially a major force shaping social and cultural patterns of health care utilization. There is growing evidence that pharmaceutical marketing targets consumer populations by ethnicity, race and social class.
Race, Politics and Adolescent Health: Understanding the Health Attitudes and Behaviors of African American YouthAward Year: 2004 Investigator: Cathy Cohen
Young African Americans face serious health risks and other vulnerabilities resulting from social disadvantage. The higher prevalence of HIV/AIDS, obesity, type 2 diabetes, homicide, and teen pregnancy in this population is well documented. Yet little is known about the attitudes of African American youth toward health, healthy living, and the health care system. Cathy J. Cohen, Ph.D.
Award Year: 2002 Investigator: Dora Costa
In her Investigator Award project, Race and Health across the Twentieth Century, Dr. Dora Costa looks to the past to help us understand the factors that led to health differences between whites and African Americans. Dr. Costa will use various datasets that span the entire twentieth century and, for the early twentieth century, include selected populations, such as children born at Johns Hopkins Hospital and African American Civil War veterans.
The Racial Segregation of Health Care in the United States: Assessing the Legacy, Impact and RemediesAward Year: 1994 Investigator: David Smith
This project ties together the history of racial segregation and discrimination in health care and efforts to end it through litigation and regulation. A history of racial segregation in health care and insights into the impacts of discrimination on discrepancies in access and outcomes is presented. Dr. Smith provides two illustrative case studies. One describes the patterns of use of maternity services in a metropolitan area.