Investigators And Their Projects » Investigator Details:
|Peter S. Arno, Ph.D.|
Director, Doctoral Program in Health Policy and Management
Department of Health Policy & Management
School of Health Sciences and Practice
New York Medical College
|Expertise: AIDSHealth Care Inequalities|
The Impact of Growing Income and Wealth Inequality on Health in the United StatesAward Year: 1997Dr. Arno assesses the impact of growing income and wealth inequality on health in the U.S. He explores the mechanisms through which economic disparities affect health and identifies implications for public policy. Two approaches are used to model the relationship between income and health: an aggregate national time series model and a pooled, cross-sectional time series model using states as the level of analysis. Research questions include: 1) Does the relationship between income inequality and health affect certain diseases or age, sex, and ethnic/racial groups more than others? 2) Do these relationships hold for changes in the wealth distribution of the population? 3) What mechanisms explain the relationship between income and wealth inequality and health? 4) What are the public policy implications of an independent relationship between income and wealth inequality and health outcomes? Results should heighten public awareness of the health implications of economic disparity and encourage the inclusion of these neglected health effects in the policymaking process.
Peter S. Arno is an economist, professor and director of doctoral program in the department of health policy and management at the school of health sciences and practice, New York Medical College. Previously, he was a professor of epidemiology and population health at Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City. Dr. Arno has been a Pew Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Institute for Health Policy Studies and the Institute for Health and Aging at UCSF, and a Scholar of the American Foundation for AIDS Research. Dr. Arno is co-author of Against the Odds: The Story of AIDS Drug Development, Politics & Profits, published by Harper Collins and nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.
Dr. Arno's recent work includes studies of regulation and pricing practices of the pharmaceutical industry; the economics of informal caregiving and long-term care; public health and legal implications of regulating tobacco as a drug; innovation, access, quality and outcome measures related to HIV disease; and the impact of income support policies on health. Based on this work, Dr. Arno has testified before numerous U.S. House and Senate committees.
Selected Journal Articles:
Arno, P., House, J., Viola, D., Schechter, C. Social Security and Mortality: The Role of Income Support Policies and Population Health in the U.S., J of Public Health Policy, 2011.
Arno, P., Viola, D. The Social Security Sacrifice, Politico, Apr 12 2011.
Arno, P.S., Sohler, N., Viola, D., Schechter, C. Bringing Health and Social Policy Together: The Case of the Earned Income Tax Credit, J of Public Health Policy, 2009, 30, 2, 198-207.
Conover, C.J., Arno, P., Weaver, M., Ang, A., Ettner, S.L. Income and Employment of People Living with Combined HIV/AIDS, Chronic Mental Illness, and Substance Abuse Disorders, J of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 2006, 9, 2, 71-86.
Sohler, N.L., Arno, P.S., Chang, C.J., Fang, J., Schecter, C. Income Inequality and Infant Mortality in New York City, J of Urban Health, 2003, 80, 4, 650-7.
Arno, P., Davis, M. Paying Twice for the Same Drugs, The Washington Post, Mar 27 2002, A21.